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Rules and scoring structure for table tennis


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These are the official table tennis rules.

Table tennis is one of the most thrilling sports to watch because of its extreme speed and amazing accuracy.

The sport was first known as ping pong and was adopted as a recreational activity for the upper class in Victorian-era England. In 1922, the name table tennis was officially adopted. The majority of players and spectators in the sport’s early years were Europeans, particularly Hungarians.

Table Tennis
Table Tennis

However, after making its way to Asia in the 1950s, table tennis gained enormous popularity there and has since produced some of the world’s top players.

Table tennis made an appearance at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, just eight years after China hosted its first World Cup, and it has since become a mainstay at the Games.

Here are some details about table tennis rules, regulations, gear, and gameplay.

Equipment for table tennis

Tennis Table

The game is played on a 2.74 x 1.53-meter rectangular table made of fiberwood that is divided into two halves in accordance with the official table tennis rules.

Tennis Table
Tennis Table

The table has a matte finish due to the glossy, dark paint application. The playing surface of the table is indicated by a line that is two centimeters thick and runs along its edge.

Two poles attached to the table are used to suspend a net that divides the table in half. 15.25 centimeters is the height of the table tennis net.

Racquet for table tennis

The bat, also called a “racquet” or “paddle,” is mainly made of wood and measures about 17 cm in length and 15 cm in width. Both the black and red rubber surfaces it aid players in applying and removing spin from the ball.

Ball for table tennis

According to rules and regulations, the ball, which is typically orange or white, is spherical with a diameter of 40 millimeters and weighs approximately 2.7 grams.

The rules for playing table tennis

The umpire tosses the coins to start a table tennis match. The victor can decide which side of the table to play from, serve the ball first, or receive it first.

Tossing the ball up and striking it so that it bounces first on the ser

ver’s side of the table and then over the net to the other side, the server must hold the ball with an open palm.

However, the receiver has the option to return it by smashing it into the other player’s half of the table and over the net. A foul is called if the player tries to return the ball before it bounces.

In a doubles match, the service must cross the table diagonally, unlike in a singles competition where the server may serve to any area on the other end. From the right side of the table, the serving player plays in this scenario.

The method used to score points in table tennis

To score a point in table tennis, a player must strike the ball in a way that prevents their opponent from making contact with it. This may be accomplished by force, deceit, or other strategies.

The opponent scores a point, though, if the ball strikes the net and is unable to rebound into their half or if it crosses the net and goes out of bounds without striking the table.

The rule becomes slightly more complex in doubles. In this scenario, pushing the ball onto the other player’s side of the table requires alternating between the server and the partner. Additionally, the service alternates here.

If the ball strikes any part of your body while you are attempting a shot, or if you hit the ball outside the playing surface, the opponent may also be awarded a point.

How to succeed in table tennis

The rules of table tennis state that a player needs to score 11 points to win, with one point being awarded for each violation. Each player receives two consecutive serves. The winner is proclaimed as the first with 11 points.

A player must aim for a two-point advantage to win the game if the score is tied at 10 points apiece.

Winning games is how a match is won. Different competitions and categories have different numbers of games in each match.

In doubles, the format is usually best-of-five, but singles matches are typically best-of-seven.

Sights of table tennis
Players can increase the range and variety of their shots by varying the pace and angle. This greatly raises their level of play.


It’s a frequently employed offensive shot in the game. Here, the player pushes the ball forward by gliding its bottom side over it while holding the paddle at a 45-degree angle. After bouncing, the ball spins, making it more difficult for the opposition to make a timely return.


It’s among the first strokes taught to a beginner when they first pick up the game of table tennis. The player stands square to the table, faces up on the paddle, and uses the side facing the table to return the ball.

Cut up

When attempting to negotiate spin, many players turn to this defensive shot. Here, the player uses the top side of the paddle to push the paddle downward at a 45-degree angle while maintaining distance from the table and making contact with the ball’s bottom half.

Depending on where the player is when receiving the ball, a chop can be played with either the forehand or the backhand.

Olympic table tennis

Table tennis is divided into two competitions for men and women at the Olympics: team events and singles. In team events, matches are best-of-five affairs, whereas singles matches are best-of-seven affairs.

Table tennis was first introduced during the 1988 Seoul Olympics, with competitions in both the singles and doubles divisions. This was changed, though, in Beijing 2008 when team competition was added for both the men’s and women’s divisions, replacing the doubles events.

With 60 medals, 32 of them gold, China has dominated the sport. With 18 medals, including three gold ones, South Korea comes in second.


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